Amongst the many types of vascular headaches, probably the most common one is migraine. What makes this migraine pain so difficult to cope with is its intensity. It is a throbbing and pulsating pain that usually concentrates on one side of the head. That is why; you often fail to do your daily activities like working, cooking, going out or anything else. What gives relief or what the body demands is virtual recluse and refuge to a silent and quiet room.
Who gets migraine headaches?
Migraine headaches are, as already mentioned, quite common in their occurrences. It is found occurring in people of any race or gender or even of any age, across the globe. What needs to be taken into consideration here is that migraine pain is something that affects the children as frequently as the adults.
Many people do not realize this or find it difficult to accept that even children might experience such an excruciating pain. But, fact is that research studies have proven that most of the migraine sufferers have had their first migraine attack, before the age of 15.
Nature of migraine pain:
Now that you have gone through the basic details of what migraine pain is and who can suffer from migraine attacks, it is imperative that you understand nature of this headache. Understanding its signs and symptoms will help you to self-diagnose your pain and see a doctor without any delay. The faster you see a doctor, the faster your treatment will be.
In that case, it must be mentioned that the signs and symptoms of migraine headaches slightly differ from one stage to another and even the children sufferers experience some specific symptoms that adults don’t.
Still, few of those wide scale symptoms include –
- Excruciating, pulsating, throbbing pain in one side of the head
- This pain can travel to both sides of your brain. Then it is called bilateral migraine headache
- There might be no headache, but severe abdominal pain in case of children sufferers
- Vomiting that can continue in cycles for months in children
- Feeling dizzy
- Sensitivity to light, sound and smell.
Why do you get migraine headaches?
This is an eternal question that has made scientists and sufferers equally inquisitive about this headache type, however, no concrete answer has been found yet. The most common theory about the cause of migraines, according to the Mayo Clinic, involves an imbalance in serotonin levels. Serotonin is one of the prime neurotransmitter chemicals in the brain, regulating everything from mood to sleep cycles. Studies have shown that serotonin levels in the brain drop during migraine attacks, and the drop in serotonin may trigger activity along the trigeminal nerve. The trigeminal nerve is a major pain pathway in the brain, and the drop in serotonin causes the trigeminal nerve to release chemicals called neuropeptides. The neuropeptides then travel to the meninges, or the outer covering of the brain, which triggers the intense pain associated with migraines.
Along with these, there are some other external factors known as migraine triggers that actually contribute a lot in triggering the pain. These include certain types of foods, beverages, sleeping habits, stress, environmental conditions, hormonal changes and even physical exhaustion.
How to treat migraine headaches?
The best option to treat migraine pain is to see a doctor. The doctors can identify your pain triggers and also guide you regarding the best medicines that will help in managing the pain. If you are looking for a migraine specialist near you, you can search for a professional doctor from this link http://www.mewithoutmigraine.com/locate-a-doctor/. This will save you a lot of time.